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This timeline will give a basic understanding of how the county was formed and why think salt, and fussing and feudingand some of the major events that have transpired up until the 20th Century. Hundreds of Clay County men served in the Third later referred to as the Seventh and other regiments in the Union Army. But in the case of Gabriel Arthur, and later, Dr. Thomas Walker, there can be little doubt. The Civil War wreaked havoc in Manchester as foragers from both sides came to the town on numerous occasions looking for food for their troops and animals.
After World War II the town pretty much kept pace with the rest of the country, albeit with an Appalachian patina. Historians know that history must be recorded correctly, even if it means taking another look to get it right. Congress as a Whig and went on to become Speaker of the House. The county government started falling apart. The closer we look at the written history of what would become Clay County the farther back that history goes. This story is covered in detail by Robert Kincaid in The Wilderness Road, a much-quoted history published in by the Bobbs-Merrill Company that has been a primary source for countless articles on Southeast Kentucky history.
There is an official Kentucky highway historical marker at Gray Hawk in Jackson County that has the path going along War Fork in extreme eastern Jackson County, which corresponds to the research of James F. This marker reports that the path was used by Gabriel Arthur inand much later inby Dr.
The best we say is that they likely were. Later it was used by pioneers and settlers, as were its branches down Straight Creek and elsewhere. Ordered that James Lyons be apptd. This resulted in the Union army destroying the salt works ineven though one of their celebrated officers, Brigadier General T. Garrard, was the owner of the Garrard works.
Garrard was born at the Garrard Salt Works. Most of the local men fought outside the state, but while they were gone from home considerable action was taking place in Manchester and all over Clay County. Garrard married Nancy M. The board pointed out that if these recommendations went into effect a connection between the slack water system of the Kentucky and the Cumberland rivers could then be accomplished by building a canal between Goose Creek and Cumberland Ford Pineville.
Most of the production was from the Collins Fork works where the best brine was. This map corresponds with one of the earliest maps of Island KY straight men free, by John Filson, inand numerous others in various publications. But the Union was just as keen on keeping it out of Rebel hands as the Rebels were on getting it.
House of Representatives, committed suicide shortly before Abner Baker Jr. Garrard was promoted to Brigadier General. History Pavilion.
Manchester was a lively little town from the very beginning, which by all s, seems to have been in the early s when the area's first commercial salt-making operation started up on the banks of Goose Creek at the mouth of present-day Y Hollow in East Manchester. Coal and timber had long since replaced salt as the income-generating industries but before long they, too, dwindled as an economic force.
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He would establish a salt works here at the end of present day Green Street, one side of the creek or the other. He would establish a salt works, most likely on this property. It was later reduced mainly to the South Fork. Poverty slowly gained the upper hand in the s and 70s and the character of Manchester seemed to lose some of its former tone. When in the Kentucky Legislature created Clay County as a way to keep a better eye on the gritty feuding known as the "Cattle War" the first county court met at this little community, known as the Langford Salt Works.
Garrard was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of where anti-slavery advocates hoped to enact emancipation a gradual end or abolition an outright end. Northern tribes of Indians made the trail, and it was much traveled by them.
Until recently the conventional wisdom had it that James Collins was the first white man in the county. A depression that year put a stop for canalizing Goose Creek. Garrard had recruited a substantial of men in Manchester in the summer of when he organized the Third Kentucky Volunteer Infantry there. Early 20th-century writers focused on sensationalistic aspects of the region's culture, such as moonshining and clan feuding, and often portrayed the region's inhabitants as uneducated and prone to impulsive acts of violence.
This distinction may seem to some to be much ado about nothing. Later research has shown that long before Daniel Boone, Dr. But even Walker, who was clearly in the county 19 years before Daniel Boone, was not the first known white man to trek in the county. James Garrard gave James Jr. The population of the county was families, or 2, people. Sociological studies in the s and s helped to deconstruct these stereotypes, although popular media continued to perpetuate the image of Appalachia as a culturally backward region into the 21st century. But the fact that these men were in the county over a hundred years earlier than white men were supposed to have been changes the written history of Clay County, and by extension, of neighboring Laurel County.
Surveyor of the road from Harts Branch to the town ford. And some s have both Gilbert and Collins here in the mids.
Since its recognition as a distinctive region in the late 19th century, Appalachia has been a source of enduring myths and distortions regarding the isolation, temperament, and behavior of its inhabitants. Manchester's Interesting History Manchester was a lively little town from the very beginning, which by all s, seems to have been in the early s when the area's first commercial salt-making operation started up on the banks of Goose Creek at the mouth of present-day Y Hollow in East Manchester.
Eminent Kentucky historian Dr. Fifteen years later, around the time that Collins and Gilbert are thought to have first come to the county, Boone, while employed by a land development company, made a 50,acre survey in beginning near the mouth of Sextons Creek. Arthur was eventually set free by his captors and set out on a trail that led to the south. This gives a fair picture of what was considered a minor salt works: 64 kettles! The Confederates held the upper hand when it came to causing mischief in and around Manchester, and the mischief led to several deaths at the hands of the Rebels.
Research has shown that white men whose names we know were in the county at least years earlier than reported in some history books. Six more applicants were approved for property ranging from to acres. Garrard over a mill on Little Goose Creek. They are commonly orderly, honest and industrious people, possessing a competency for support.
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This seems to have been the precursor of the feuding between the Garrards and Whites, and set up the bad blood that exploded after the hanging of Dr. Abner Baker Jr. This may have been one at Goose Rock, a foundry that made salt kettles. The county officials first called their new town Greenville, and began constructing it a stone's throw down stream and on what became known as "Courthouse Hill.
Animosities developed during this time fed fuel to the fire of growing resentment between some of the powerful salt families, primarily the Whites and Garrards and their supporters. A well-marked trail through Clay County was the route several people of European descent took before Kentucky was discovered. John Gilbert on Red Bird. Though the Union was in town in huge s at times there is no evidence that they did any physical harm to the citizens. The Warriors' Path A well-marked trail through Clay County was the route several people of European descent took before Kentucky was discovered.
Before them, however, there was Daniel Boone, who came to Clay County on his first trip to Kentucky in with fellow explorer, John Finley. Genealogists have shown that John Gilbert of Red Bird was in what would become Clay County at least a decade earlier than when Collins was said to have come.
Garrard and Sons. It was sold to saltman, Alexander Outlaw. Army at the hands of Indians.
Goose Creek Saltworks Pioneer Village. His salt was thought to be for local consumption only. Most of the delegates agreed that slavery was an evil institution but that it could not be abolished for economic reasons. Reid house.
The Confederates were especially interested in the salt, apparently having less access to it than the Union. The case became a media circus nationwide. Lyttle was admitted to practice law. Hugh White, who had been commissioner of the road from to Septwas replaced by John Hibbard. The proposal was defeated in legislature by one vote.
Ten were in operation. Discover Our Fascinating Appalachian History Since its recognition as a distinctive region in the late 19th century, Appalachia has been a source of enduring myths and distortions regarding the isolation, temperament, and behavior of its inhabitants. Scores of newspaper articles in papers such as the New York Times created an image of runaway lawlessness in the town, and some of its citizens seemed to feed on the attention like fish in a feeding frenzy. By the end of the century Manchester was the unchallenged capitol of violence in America, or at least it seemed that way as the little town became famous -- or infamous -- far beyond the borders of Clay County for the gun-play that seemed to be an everyday thing around town.
He had come to Clay County to teach at T. Garrard was elected state representative. Gradually, the feud violence dissipated after the s and Manchester settled down into an almost idealized version of small town America. He established a successful and well-stocked mercantile store at the salt works. Slaughter and Abner Baker, be authorized to receive the planks for the courthouse.
Garrard, perhaps getting weary of salt-making, headed for California and the gold rush. Nevertheless, the period following the war was a time of unrest and distrust. Discover fascinating real Appalachian history in Manchester and Clay County. He is, in fact, credited with naming Goose Creek. In there were seven salt works and a product ofbushels.
The Manchester—Booneville road was established during this period.