Facebook Twitter. Print Cite verified Cite. The Greensboro sit-in provided a template for nonviolent resistance and marked an early success for the civil rights movement.
Additional Info. Sit-in movement, nonviolent movement of the U. The sit-in, an act of civil disobedience, was a tactic that aroused sympathy for the demonstrators among moderates and uninvolved individuals.
History at your fingertips. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The lunch counter manager contacted the police, but Johns had already alerted the local media.
Enlisting the aid of Ralph Johns, a local white businessman who was sympathetic to their cause, the students, who came to be dubbed the Greensboro Four, planned their social action in great detail. address. A photo of the Greensboro Four appeared in local newspapers, and the protest quickly expanded. Racial segregation provides a means of maintaining the economic advantages and superior social status of the….
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The media response, however, was immediate. Racial segregationthe practice of restricting people to certain circumscribed areas of residence or to separate institutions e. The police arrived, only to declare that they could do nothing because the four men were paying customers of the store and had not taken any provocative actions.
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Greensboro sit-inact of nonviolent protest against a segregated lunch counter in GreensboroNorth Carolina, that began on February 1, The sit-in was organized by Ezell Blair, Jr. Influenced by the nonviolent protest techniques of Mohandas Gandhi and the Journey of Reconciliation an antecedent of the Freedom Rides organized by the Congress of Racial Equalitythe four men executed a plan to draw attention to racial segregation in the private sector.
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Within weeks, national media coverage of the protest led to sit-ins being staged in cities across the country. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
External Websites. The scene played out again February 3—4, with protestors filling virtually all the available seats and spilling out of the store and onto the sidewalk outside. Give Feedback External Websites. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.