The following is the chronological order and approximate date of the foundation of the main bodies represented in Trenton today, but does not take of earlier informal services.
At a quarterly meeting, which had been held in the interim, John had been present and at that time, so Sykes and Bunting reported, "the Power of the Lord broke his spirit" and he had confessed to Samuel Bunting his determination to abstain from the practice.
The history of the Chesterfield Meeting includes therefore that of the Trenton Meeting which cannot property be isolated from it. The first direct evidence that a considerable settlement of Friends existed at the Falls, or Trenton, appears in the action taken November 7,when the first death occurred among the colonists, that of John Brown.
Appended in some instances to the historical narratives of the various bodies will be found brief biographical sketches of some outstanding figures in the religious life of Trenton during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Light on the attitude of the Friends towards the sale of liquor is cast by a minute dated March 5,when the meeting was informed that one of its members, John Bainbridge, had been selling rum to Indians. This was reluctantly given and Mary Andrews and Sarah Davenport were appointed to see that the Friends ceremony was used. The plot was used by Friends for a long period, finally becoming a part of the present Riverview Cemetery.
The first case for settlement before the Chesterfield Meeting was recorded on December 8,when Robert Murfin and William Black reported the need for an arbitrator.
In July the Quakers organized their first local charity. Trenton's first representative to the yearly meeting, which then met alternately at Philadelphia and Burlington, was Mahlon Stacy, who with William Biddle of Crosswicks was deputized to attend that held in Burlington on July 8, A readjustment of places of meeting was effected on May 5,when it was determined that the monthly meeting should gather in turn at the home of Francis Davenport, Chesterfield; then at Edward Rockhill's, Chesterfield; at Thomas Lambert's, Nottingham; at Robert Murfin's, Nottingham; at William Biddle's, Chesterfield; and finally at Mahlon Stacy's, at the Falls, and then in rotation down the list again.
All of these are presumably to be included among Trenton's earliest settlers.
This declaration was probably written by Francis Davenport and is ed by him and by John Wileford and William Watson. The principles in accordance with which the selection of the names is made are: 1 the relative length and value of their services in the community; 2 their place in the public esteem; and 3 their prominence in their respective ecclesiastical bodies. At the same time Davenport reported that he had paid 6s. For many years subsequent to their original settlement the Quakers shunned all courts of law. The Protestant bodies include in their stated membership only those individuals whose names are officially enrolled in the records of the congregation and do not count infants or those who may be reckoned as adherents through attendance at the services or by family association.
Victory Parade. Discussion came up at each successive meeting until June 6 when it was decided that only one meeting house should be built for the present and this at Chesterfield. The original minute book of this meeting, now preserved among the records at the Trenton Meeting House, Hanover and Montgomery Streets, contains a paean of praise to God for His blessings in leading His people to a place where they could worship Him in peace and after a fashion of their own. Colman Trenton dating is on record that Samuel Bunting and Mary Foulkes were the first pair to ify their intention of marriage.
That there were non-Quaker settlers in the community at least as early as is established by the fact that on April 4,Alice Fulwood asked the monthly meeting to grant her permission to wed a non-Quaker. The unclassified group includes one congregation each of Christian Science, Unitarian and Evangelical, besides one each of four different foreign-speaking peoples. The beginnings of institutional religious life in the territory now embraced within the City of Trenton found their natural origin in the commendable desire of the adherents of the various ecclesiastical bodies to establish as soon as practical societies and churches for the benefit of themselves and their co-religionists.
On November 11 of the same year definite action was taken and Davenport, Samuel Andrews, William Wood, Samuel Bunting, and Thomas Gilberthorpe were appointed to secure estimates on the cost of building the proposed structure. Thomas Foulkes, Jr. Peter Fettwell Sarah Davenport.
This society never erected a building but held its services in the City Hall. NOTE: Since these s were in type, some recent changes in pastorates and in the personnel of church officials may possibty have occurred which it was not practical to rectify in the historical sketches as they appear in this chapter. Churches and Religious Institutions. The following statistics were furnished by representativesof the bodies here listed:.
In the case of bodies where none was found who would undertake the task, the editor himself has done the work with such information as he could glean from reliable sources and from interviews with qualified persons.
They had had enough of these proceedings with their corresponding penalties in the mother country. Witnesses at the Bunting wedding ed most of the original settlers. This congregation held its services in the building on Front Street which subsequently came into the possession of the Methodists who afterwards sold it to the congregation of St.
Francis' Roman Catholic Church by whom colman Trenton dating is occupied today.
It should be explained at the outset that the Society of Friends in Trenton was from the beginning affiliated with the Monthly Meeting which had its headquarters at Crosswicks and was known as the "Chesterfield Meeting. The addition of this class would probably more than double the of those who receive ministrations from these bodies.
Their bans were published on September 9,and the marriage was solemnized according to good order and the custom of Friends on September 18, following.
On January 5,it was proposed that two meeting houses be built, one at Chesterfield and the other at the Falls. The Lutherans include four, the Baptists two, the Presbyterians two and the Episcopalians one. At the same monthly meeting the settlers at the Falls were given permission to establish a branch meeting for week-day worship each Thursday.
Among such was a Universalist society which was organized in and continued for ten or twelve years. Births, burials, and marriage bans were to be recorded at the monthly meeting. Apparently Greene rendered a bill for services in excess of expectations, for on November 4 it was recorded that the meeting had reasoned with him and, according to agreement, had paid him 40 pounds for materials, 1 pound for his work, and 2 shillings overage. While he has exercised editorial supervision over the manuscripts solicited by and submitted to him and gone carefully over them with the writers, and in some instances suggested additions and modifications, the history as prepared by colman Trenton dating various writers who have generously given their assistance remains substantially as they have written it.
The Messiah Congregation in built a new church at Front and Montgomery Streets which in turn was sold into the Lutheran Church of the Saviour. From time to time minor religious bodies not connected with any of the existing church institutions were formed, had a precarious life, and finally disappeared. By Augusttemporal affairs were sufficiently advanced for the Friends to meet together for worship at the home of Francis Davenport, their spiritual leader, at Chesterfield, or Crosswicks as it is now known, and to establish the Chesterfield Monthly Meeting of Friends.
The Roman Catholics include in their figures all units of family groups affiliated with the church, infants as well as adults. This brought a decision by the Society to establish burying grounds both at the Falls and at Chesterfield. Scattered clumps of log houses sprang up quickly in the region which centered loosely around Crosswicks and soon extended to the mouth of the Assunpink Creek where Mahlon Stacy had settled and built a grist colman Trenton dating in I "The Colonial Period " above.
Of these ten are Roman Catholic with a total estimated membership of 30, besides one Greek Catholic of extra-diocesan jurisdiction and thirteen of other faiths. This action was determined by a fire which destroyed Robert Shelby's home, and Thomas Lambert and Mahlon Stacy were sent to inquire of Shelby if he was in need of help.
After the middle of the nineteenth century and more particularly after the beginning of the twentieth, as the population of the town increased and especially as the high tide of immigration from Europe set in, other bodies came into existence, either as recognized branches of churches and societies already established or as new organizations answering to the racial and religious needs of the foreign people settling here.
Robert Wilson was appointed to hear the testimony and make a decision.
The initial formal religious activities in and about Trenton were undertaken by members of the Society of Friends as early as Sundry members of the Society who had landed at Burlington in soon pushed on towards "Ye ffalles of Ye De-la-Warr" to take up land in the neighborhood. Besides these there are miscellaneous bodies either with or without church buildings. At present there are about one hundred church organizations belonging to the various ecclesiastical bodies, possessing each its own building for worship.
The editor responsible for the religious section included in this history has sought the cooperation of the men he deemed best qualified to prepare an historical sketch of the respective communions. They were:.
Another society of Adventists or Second Adventists known as "Messiah Church," being a branch of a congregation in Morrisville, was established in A small church was erected on Clay Street near Market and dedicated in This building was sold in to the Evangelical Lutheran Christ Church and subsequently destroyed by fire. Thomas Foulkes, Sr. Robert Murfin John Tomlinson.
A store of corn at Stacy's Mill was provided under the administration of John Wileford, for the assistance of Friends who had met with misfortune. On June 3,the first meeting was held in the new building. The space available does not in most instances permit more than a brief reference to each of these, with a mention of the names of those who were responsible for their organization.
Reference is elsewhere made to a Dutch Reformed Congregation which came into existence about and was dissolved some three years later. Nothing more appears on the record until October 4,when John Greene was awarded the contract to build the meeting house. John Bunting and Samuel Sykes were appointed to remonstrate with the offender.
Under the general denominational title of each main body are listed the names of the several church organizations belonging thereto in the order of their permanent establishment. By this arrangement it would appear that the membership was about evenly divided geographically between Chesterfield and the settlement at the Falls, or Trenton, for Thomas Lambert's estate, on the bluff overlooking the river just below the Falls, is spoken of as being at Nottingham, but subsequently became a part of Trenton.
John Lambert granted a portion of his estate at the Falls for this purpose. On the occasion of this first meeting of Friends Davenport's house was selected as a place of worship and for the transaction of the business of the monthly meeting until otherwise ordered, the day chosen being the first Thursday of each month.
There are twenty-four congregations of foreign-speaking or bilingual peoples.
Doubtless many more worthy names might have been added but the exigencies of space required the strict limiting of the. Hence the Society insisted on settling all differences arising among its own membership and if any member failed to accede to the terms of settlement he suffered summary expulsion, and then only the offended member was permitted to appeal to the courts of the Colony for justice.
The wedding took place on May 1,but Alice was too staunch in her upbringing to be comfortable, and on June 5 following she confessed in Meeting to an uneasy conscience for her act.