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Third and subsequent convictions would result in one to three years in prison. Get personalized recommendations. State Inthe legislature, led by M. Kersh of Lincoln Countypassed a measure banning interracial cohabitation.
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Become a Volunteer Involve Students. Charles F. Type Thing. In the Acts of Arkansas ofa clause declared that none of the new edicts authorizing African Americans to marry meant that anyone had the right to do so across the color line.
Get Involved. At least one of the interracial couples that married inThomas and Mary Dodson, had their nuptials declared invalid in Dodson v. But there is no evidence that it made much difference in helping the state prevent sex across the color line.
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In the colonial period, white patriarchs used the laws to discourage white women from choosing African Americans as husbands and paramours. For additional information: Palmer, Paul C. Robinson, Charles F. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, Honor or memorial gifts are an everlasting way to pay tribute to someone who has touched your life. When a tribute gift is given the honoree will receive a letter acknowledging your generosity and a bookplate will be placed in a book. Increasingly, interracial couples found themselves in courtrooms, fighting to sustain their relationships.
Entries Media All. Gender — Female Male. In fact, after the convention, the legislature never discussed enacting a new anti-miscegenation law, and the state omitted the statute from the revised civil code in Many Arkansas interracial couples married with impunity throughout the Radical Reconstruction period. The emergence of the Populist Party with its appeal to poor people motivated Democrats to work to disenfranchise African Americans. The law made such an offense a felony punishable by one month to a year in prison.
Although the anti-miscegenation law reappeared in the civil code ofenforcement was sporadic at best. Rate and review titles you borrow and share your opinions on them. The failure of the delegates to attach an anti-marriage clause to the new state constitution aled that the effort to prevent interracial marriage would have little support in a Republican-controlled state. First, the laws helped maintain the racial caste system necessary for the expansion of slavery and the idea of white supremacy.
Because other Arkansas laws denied slaves the right to marry, legislators probably deemed it unnecessary to establish a more stringent law. View All Services.
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Track your borrowing. At the new constitutional convention required by the federal Reconstruction acts, black delegates led by William Grey of Phillips Countyalong with their white Republican allies, defeated a proposed amendment to the state constitution that would have prohibited marriage between black and white citizens.
The measures first appeared in the United States in colonial times and had two functions. Go Back.
The Democratic Party reemerged in as the dominant political organization in Arkansas. In theory, the act gave authorities more power to prohibit and punish interracial coupling.
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Anti-miscegenation laws were edicts that made it unlawful for African Americans and white people to marry or engage each other in intimate relationships. Second, anti-miscegenation statutes gave white men greater power to control the sexual choices of white women. In fact, in the three cases that made it to the state Supreme Court on appeal in the twentieth century, the state lost each case on the grounds that it had not satisfactorily proven that a relationship had existed between the accused people.
Immediately after the Civil War, state leaders worked to adjust some of the laws to accommodate emancipationincluding new provisions legitimizing the marriages of former slaves. As in other Southern states, racial attitudes became less tolerant in the s. Simultaneously with the effort to repress African Americans, state authorities tightened their enforcement of anti-miscegenation edicts.
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Inconcerned about the growing militancy of African Americans and their demands for civil equality, state legislators enacted a slate of provisions that further segregated black and white people. Well into the s, many interracial couples lived together as husband and wife with little state interference. Anti-miscegenation laws remained part of the state civil code until However, in the twentieth century before their eradication, the state appeared to have been frustrated in its limited attempts to enforce the laws.
Included was a revised anti-miscegenation law that prescribed specific penalties for people convicted of having interracial relationships.