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Alexandria VA university interracial dating

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Plaintiffs made representations to defendants of their pursuit of action not in accord with the conditions of the suspension and the underlying enrollment contract and were in breach thereof, where upon defendants dismissed the aforementioned children of plaintiff Raymond Fiedler from Marumsco Baptist Church's school. It is clear, from these findings, that the Fiedler children were not expelled from the Marumsco Christian School because Melissa talked to Rufusor because Mr.

Melissa was expelled because she refused to end her romantic association with Rufus after she had been warned by the Pastor, under penalty of expulsion, that such interracial romantic expressions on school premises and at school functions must end.

McCreary, U. The plaintiffs also contend that it is unlawful to take adverse action against whites because they happen to associate with blacks, citing Valle v. Dade County Christian Schools, Inc. Whether a belief is "religious" and thus deserving of some protection by the First Amendment does not depend on whether the belief is true or false. Rhode Island, U.

Verner, U. The door of the free exercise clause of the First Amendment to the Constitution of the United States stands tightly closed against Governmental regulation of religious beliefs as such. Defendant Bledsoe disapproved of what he viewed as a romantic relationship between Rufus and Melissa because it was interracial and admonished Melissa not to continue the relationship Alexandria VA university interracial dating that reason.

The defendant School holds itself out to the general public as providing, within the limits of its maximum enrollment, educational and related services to students who meet its admission requirements, pay the requisite tuition and fees, and abide by school regulations. The Marumsco Baptist Church is composed of born-again Christians who, on of that fact, believe that they have the duty to rear their children to know the teachings of the Bible as the infallible word of God, and to follow Jesus Christ as their personal Saviour in their daily lives.

In the agreement ed by Raymond Fiedler as a part of said enrollment contract, full discretion was given to the said school's staff, including in such discretion the right to suspend or expel the said Raymond Fiedler's children from the school's program. Fiedler had apparently changed his mind and was not going to send Melissa back to school on the conditions agreed uponhe expelled the children.

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After discussing Melissa's problem for some time with Mr. Fiedler, the Pastor agreed to allow her to return to school provided she would adhere to the school's requirement that she end her interracial romancing with Rufus at school and at school functionsand that the father would cooperate with the school officials in enforcing the school's conduct requirements.

Both the church and its members believe that the church has a religious duty to provide a form of education, whose purpose and effect is to fulfill the aforesaid goals. From the pleadings, stipulations, depositions, exhibits and live testimony, the Court makes the following findings:. As a ministry of Marumsco Baptist Church, the behavior and conduct standards and spiritual standards in the said school reflect and are based upon the religious tenets, doctrines, beliefs and convictions of the fundamentalist christian religion as held by Marumsco Baptist Church.

Rufus Bostic III was enrolled in the school for the school year.

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United States, F. Marumsco Baptist Church Fiedler v. Aleck Lee Bledsoe is the pastor of the Church and the principal of the school and acts for and on behalf of both the Church and the school. Ballard, U. Finally, the plaintiffs argue that the school's denial of Melissa's rights to romantically associate with whom she pleases during school hours and at school functions, on racial grounds, does not comport with the public policy of the United States as enunciated in 42 U.

The Marumsco Baptist Church is an independent, fundamental, Bible-believing and teaching church, an Alexandria VA university interracial dating part of the ministry of which consists of the Marumsco Christian School. Stengel, F. City of Texarkana, F. Easton Publishing Co. Pointer, F. None of these cases offers any help in determining whether the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States and 42 U. The plaintiffsrelying on Judge Goldberg's concurring opinion in Brown v. Although the defendants' religious convictions regarding interracial romantic relationships do not comport with public policy, nor meet with the majority acceptance, neither majority approval nor compliance with public policy may be the sine qua non upon which the practice of religion may be made to depend Fowler v.

The Church is open to members of all races. August 23, Glasberg, Alexandria, Va. Crickenberger, Falls Church, Va. From the pleadings, stipulations, depositions, exhibits and live testimony, the Court makes the following findings: The Marumsco Baptist Church is an independent church of the fundamentalist Christian faith. Bledsoe does not generally oppose romantic relationship between the sexes, but he does oppose interracial romantic relationships and claims to base his opposition on religious beliefs derived from the Bible.

Melissa Fiedler was warned by Pastor Bledsoe that under penalty of expulsion, such romantic expressions on school premises and at school events must end and her association with said black student under such circumstances on school premises must be limited in the futurewhen she disobeyed this directive she was expelled.

Deacon Hunter told Mr. Fiedler that Melissa's expulsion would remain in effect and that Charlotte was also expelled. Based on the defendants' interpretation of the Bible, interracial romantic relationships violate their religious tenets, doctrines and beliefsthey cannot condone any practice which they believe to be forbidden in conscience. There is no need to recite additional romantic expressions observed by the Pastor and others at school and at school functions. The defendants filed petitions for Chapter XI and voluntary bankruptcy in the Bankruptcy Section of this Court on the morning this controversy was set for hearing on the merits, and moved that the scheduled hearing be stayed until their bankruptcy petitions could be heard and determined.

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Justice Stewart stated on96 S. The defendants believed in good faith that a romantic relationship existed between Rufus and Melissa. On the day following his telephone conversation with Mr. Fiedler, Bledsoe was told by third parties and did believe that Mr. Subsequent to the agreement of conversion of the expulsion of Melissa into a suspension as set forth hereinabove, Bledsoe instructed Deacon Ray Hunter to call Mr. Fiedler to ascertain what had transpired between Mr.

Hunter was instructed to tell Mr. Fiedler that if Mr. Fiedler had contacted the NAACP and was planning to institute suit over Melissa's expulsion, then Melissa's expulsion would remain in effect and Charlotte would also be expelled. The record discloses that the Fiedlers sent their children to the Marumsco Christian School to obtain a Christian education and to learn self-discipline and to respect the rights of their peers. Fiedler told Deacon Hunter that he had been prepared to drop the matter of Melissa's expulsion, that in light of the ultimatum conveyed to him by Deacon Hunter, he had now decided to proceed with legal action.

The Court bifurcated and stayed the damage claimand the liability phase was heard without a jury.

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The school has admitted students without regard to race since it was founded in and seeks to encourage interracial harmony and friendship. The defendants justify the girls' expulsion on disciplinary and religious grounds they say Melissa was expelled because she refused to end a "romantic relationship" with the said black student while on school premises and at school functions.

The plaintiff brought this civil rights action against the defendants under 42 U. The plaintiff alleges his daughter, Melissa, a year-old white girl, was expelled because she became acquainted and spoke with one of the very few black students in the school, and that his daughter, Charlotte, an year-old white girl, was expelled because he complained of Melissa's expulsion to the local branch of the NAACP.

In so doing, plaintiff Raymond Fiedler ed a series of agreements and covenants as a part of the contract of enrollment of his Alexandria VA university interracial dating in the Marumsco Baptist Church's school. Marumsco Baptist Church, F.

United States District Court, E. Virginia, Alexandria Division. The Marumsco Christian School, in its admissions contract, expressly reserved the right to dismiss any student who does not respect the spiritual standards or cooperate in the educational process or does not fit into the spirit of the school. Based on their interpretation of the Bible, the defendants believe as a matter of firm and truly-held conviction, that salvation and sanctification are offered by God to all men and women regardless of race, and that the work and ministries of a New Testament church such as Marumsco Baptist Church must similarly be opened to all men and women regardless of race.

Fiedler v. marumsco baptist church, f. supp. (e.d. va. )

Friendship between students of all races at the school are not only condoned but encouraged by defendants. As a matter of firm religious conviction based on their interpretation of the Bible, interracial marriage, interracial dating, and interracial romantic relationships violate the tenets, doctrines, and beliefs of the fundamentalist christian faith as held and practiced by the defendants. Furthermore, the said school expressly reserves "the right to dismiss any student who does not respect its spiritual standards or cooperate in the educational process or does not fit into the spirit of the school.

The plaintiffs' "threat to sue" claim is, at best, an afterthoughtMelissa's expulsion, later reduced to a three-day suspension from school, was announced before her father contacted the local branch of the NAACP.

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The Marumsco Christian School is a church ministry of the defendant Marumsco Baptist Church, the former being a religious mission of the latter. Cantwell v. After said expulsion, the Pastor agreed with Mr. Fiedler to convert the expulsion of Melissa into a three-day suspension premised upon Melissa's adherence to the aforementioned restrictions and conducts set forth hereinabove and the implied and expressed willingness of Mr. Fiedler to cooperate with the school in the enforcement of its conduct requirements and disciplinary actions.

Raymond Fiedler, et ux. Rufus and Melissa were good friends who had known each other while attending public elementary school, and had renewed their friendship at the defendant school. At all times relevant to the events in question in this litigation, Marumsco Baptist Church in all of its ministries including its school has been and remains racially integrated and non-discriminatory.

Connecticut, U. Paraphrasing Judge Coleman's dissenting opinion in Brown v. The plaintiffs moved that this Courtsitting in bankruptcyproceed with the scheduled trial on the merits. Even if consideration of such evidence is not foreclosed by the prohibition against judicial inquiry into the truth or falsity of religious beliefs United States v.

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